Multimodal Transportation Planning

Scroll to the bottom of the page for links to mulitmodal transportation planning proposals in Greater New Haven.

Chapel Street

View of pedestrians, carts, cars, bikes, and streetcars on Chapel and State c. 1910

Prior to the 20th century, streets were primarily designed for pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit. In the early part of the 20th century, the automobile came into widespread use and streets became congested with all modes of transportation. As car use increased and commercial and industrial development popped up outside of the city proper, many thoroughfares were reconfigured to accommodate automotive travel over other forms.traffic study

In 1948 in New Haven, most Downtown streets were converted from two-way to one-way. Later during Urban Renewal, many other city streets were widened or redesigned to highway standards. In some cases, new roadways were created to facilitate commuting. Rather than acting as a public space or a multimodal transportation system, streets became dominated by speeding cars or traffic. Rather than being a public benefit, these streets serve as mere conduits for cars.

ChurchStreetProject1960

The impact of the Church Street and Oak Street Redevelopment projects

The issues associated with an automotive dominated street system are plentiful and include increased pollution, traffic, and accidents making streets unsafe and unpleasant for all road users and adjacent land uses. Addressing these issues requires that streets be retrofitted for multimodal transportation. Strategies like road diets, on-street parking, cycle tracks, bus lanes, dedicated left hand turn lanes, and raised medians can help encourage cycling, walking, and bus riding over driving by making alternative transportation convenient and safe. In the long term, pollution, accidents, and even traffic congestion can decrease as a result of these effort.

Multimodal Travel Scale

A comparison of space requirements for various modes of transportation

Multimodal Transportation Planning Opportunities in Greater New Haven

Bike Lanes:

Goffe Street

Legion Avenue

Main Street

State and Union

Whitney Avenue

(Also see Broadway and Elm, and Whalley Avenue)

Bus Transit:

Greater New Haven Intra-Regional Transit System

Boston Post Road

Dixwell Avenue (coming soon…)

Universal Drive (coming soon…)

Whalley Avenue

(Also see Middletown and Foxon)

Cycle Tracks:

The Boulevard

Edgewood Avenue

Middletown and Foxon

Sherman Avenue

(Also see Church Street, MLK Boulevard, and State and Union)

Two-Way Street Conversion:

Broadway and Elm

Church Street

MLK Boulevard

Additional Resources:

Urban StreetUrban BikewayTransit Street; and Urban Street Stormwater Design Guides by NACTO

Safe Urban Form: Revisiting the Relationship Between Community Design and Traffic Safety

Does street network design affect traffic safety?

The Effect of Street Network Design on Walking and Biking

The Applicability of Space Syntax to Bicycle Facility Planning

Evidence on Why Bike-Friendly Cities Are Safer for All Road Users

Reassessing On-Street Parking

Shared Space: Could Less Formal Streets Be Better for Both Pedestrians and Vehicles?

Urban Street Types

City of New Haven Two-Way Conversion

The Demise of the Streetcar in New Haven (2016)

 

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